Resumption of Ambulatory Surgery Centers Elective Surgery and Invasive Procedures in New Jersey
On Friday, May 15, 2020, Gov. Murphy issued Executive Order 145, allowing physicians and dentists to resume elective surgeries and invasive procedures as of Tuesday, May 26. This is long-awaited news by both patients and doctors. However, before Ambulatory Surgery Centers ("ASCs") start scheduling and performing elective procedures and surgeries, the ASC needs to comply with the directives of the New Jersey Department of Health. This blog post addresses requirements for Ambulatory Surgery Centers; I addressed the requirements for in-office procedures in my previous blog post, "Resumption of In-Office Elective Surgery and Invasive Procedures in New Jersey."
New Jersey Department of Health Guidance for Ambulatory Surgery Centers to Resume Elective Surgery and Invasive Procedures
On Tuesday, May 19, the New Jersey Department of Health issued Guidance for Ambulatory Surgery Centers to Resume Elective Surgery and Invasive Procedures, setting forth the limitations and precautions that ASCs and physicians must employ to resume performing procedures.
Please note that ASCs are not allowed to perform procedures on COVID-19 positive cases. The following is a summary of the guidance for ASCs to resume elective surgeries and invasive procedures.
Condition to Resume
- Comply with state and CDC guidelines -- the last 5 pages of the guidance provide a long list of references and resources that the DOH expects the ASCs to know, understand, and follow
- Implement policies and procedures to screen staff and health care professionals, and to remove them when symptomatic for COVID-19
- Enforce social distancing in the work area and common areas
- Require face covering for each patient and their support person, except when a patient is receiving services that would not allow for the use of face-covering
- Implement a cleaning and disinfecting plan prior to using the facility to serve non-COVID-19 patients
- Be prepared to modify your plans and policies in conjunction with surge status (see CDC documents referenced addressing plans for potential future surges)
Current or Potential Capacity
- For the ASC to resume procedures, the hospital with which the ASC has a transfer agreement must have a downward trajectory, calculated using the average of the three most recent days, in the following categories:
- Influenza-Like Illness (ILI) or COVID-19-like syndromic cases
- COVID-19 infection rates
- COVID-19 hospitalizations
- COVID-19 emergency room admissions
- COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care and Medical-Surgical bed utilization
- Ventilator utilization
- Ventilator availability (with regard to ventilator availability, we believe that is an error and the trajectory would need to be going upwards)
- The ASC must have sufficient staff who are trained in the use of PPE and infection prevention practices.
- Prior to resuming services, the ASC must modify its physical layout and flow of care to maintain social distancing
- An onsite-based governance group must develop a prioritization policy for determining the types of services to be provided, and scheduling of those procedures; they will model capacity based on extended turnover and spacing out of procedures and any pre-/post-procedure appointments
- In developing the prioritization policy, the following can be considered:
- Prioritizing previously canceled and postponed cases
- Specialties prioritization
- Strategy for allotting daytime "OR/procedural time"
- Identification of essential health care professionals and medical device representatives when necessary for procedures
- Strategy for increasing "OR/procedural time" availability, such as extended hours or weekends
- Issues associated with increased OR/procedural volume
- In developing the prioritization policy, the following can be considered:
- The governance group must also review all cases to ensure consistency and adherence to the prioritization policy
- ASCs are encouraged to gradually resume a full scope of services when possible and safe to do so
- With regard to PPE, the ASC should have a plan consistent with CDC and DOH recommendations for patients and health care professionals; please note that requirements for healthcare workers who are in direct patient care differ from requirements for those not in direct patient care
- ASCs must implement policies to account for PPE and must have an adequate supply of PPE, with a minimum of a 7-day supply on hand
- ASCs must implement staff training on the optimization of PPE use according to non-crisis standards of care; policies for the conservation of PPE should be developed, as should policies for any extended use or reuse of PPE per CDC and DOH recommendations and FDA emergency use authorizations
- Must have sufficient trained staff for the scheduled procedures
- Use available testing to protect staff and patient safety whenever possible, and implement guidance addressing requirements and frequency for patient and staff testing
- Ensure that cleaning and disinfecting supplies are COVID-19 compliant
- Ensure an adequate supply of hand sanitizer, tissues, and non-touch trash receptacles with disposable liners in all restrooms and patient areas
- Ensure all equipment is up to date on preventative maintenance and tested before use/reopening
- Check all supplies for expiration dates
- Take necessary actions such as removing magazines from waiting areas
- Confirm/update all preventive infection policies and procedures
- The ASC must confirm that it has a transfer agreement with an acute healthcare facility partner, and confirm and document before each surgery day that its acute health care facility partner has an appropriate number of intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU beds to support its potential need for emergent transfers, personal protective equipment (PPE), ventilators, medications, and trained staff to treat all patients (recall the three-day downward trajectory requirement)
- As stated above, ASCs cannot perform procedures on COVID-19-positive patients; therefore, each patient must be tested within a maximum of 96 hours before a scheduled procedure with a preoperative COVID-19 RT-PCR test and ensure COVID-19 negative status; once tested, the patient should be required to self-quarantine until the day of the procedure.
- The patient should also be advised to:
- Social distance and wear a mask in their place of self-quarantine
- Immediately inform the ASC of any contact with a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19
- Immediately inform the ASC of any contact with a person with symptoms consistent with COVID-19
- Immediately inform the ASC if the patient develops any symptoms consistent with COVID-19 while in self-quarantine
- The ASC must implement a process to screen patients for COVID-19-related symptoms prior to scheduled procedures and to ensure that the patient has worn a mask, social quarantined, and social distanced since testing
- Scheduling of patients and procedures must be coordinated to promote social distancing, such as minimizing time in the waiting room and staggering appointments
- Post signs at entrances in appropriate language(s) for signs/symptoms of illness, fever, and precautions
- No visitor should be allowed, aside from one adult being able to accompany pediatric patients or patients receiving a same-day surgery or procedure
- Report, on a daily basis, data required by Executive Order No. 111, including PPE inventory, and report caseload on a weekly basis
- The reports should be submitted to the portal designated by the New Jersey Office of Emergency Management under Executive Order No. 111 and maintained by the New Jersey Hospital Association
Making sure your practice and the ASC is compliant in every way is essential. We realize that your focus is on the delivery of medical care. Ensuring that your practice and ASC is compliant from a legal point of view is like preventative medicine; it is more effective and usually a lot cheaper! If you have any questions concerning this post, please contact Sandra Jarva Weiss, Chair of our Health Care & Life Sciences Practice Group, at firstname.lastname@example.org. For other topics related to COVID-19, visit our Coronavirus Thought Leadership Connection.
The information contained in this post may not reflect the most current developments, as the subject matter is extremely fluid and constantly changing. Please continue to monitor this site for ongoing developments. Readers are also cautioned against taking any action based on information contained herein without first seeking advice from professional legal counsel.